- Transformation for modern society to postmodern society has profound implications for religious organisations and they way religion is practiced.
Religion and modern society
- The type of society they argue existed before the emergence of postmodern society.
- (a) Modern society is dominated by an industrial economic system focused on factories producing manufactured goods.
- Modern society began with the industrial revolution.
- As industrial society developed, so too did other chacteristics of modern societies:
- (1) urbanisation
- (2) a meritocratic society based on universal rules, especially examinations and qualifications
- (3) a centralised government
- (4) the nation-state
- (b) Moderin society is dominated by particular approaches to knowledge.
- Three types of belief systems:
- (1) Science - high status - underpins the standard of living in modern societies.
- (2) Political ideologies - ideas about how we should organise our economies.
- (3) Religion - Christianity.
- (c) People's identities are shaped by social influences over which they have little or no control such as:
- social class
- In modern societies, people are usually born into a religion - they do not choose it.
- (1) Economic Systen - manufacturing industry in the UK is in decline.
- (a) Production has undergone globalisation…