Behaviourist approach

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Basic assumptions

➡behaviour is learnt from the environment and determined by reinforcement of past learning- behaviours rewarded are repeated, those that are punished aren't

➡psychology should study observable behaviour and laws of learning (which are the same for humans and animals) and be seen as a science

➡when born, our mind is 'tabula rasa' (a blank slate)

Operant conditioning- either positive (satisfaction increases repetition) or negative (removing an unpleasant sensation increases repetition) reinforcement

Skinner- rats in boxes learnt that pressing a lever gave a reward…


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