The Behaviourist Approach
Key assumptions of the behaviourist approach:
- All behaviour is learnt via Classical Conditioning or Operant Conditioning -the environment determines our behaviour.
- scientific methods should only be used for observable behaviour
Key words :
Conditioning- This is the method by which behaviour is changed.
Classical conditioning- This is learning via association e.g Pavlov's Dogs
Operant conditioning-This is learning via consequences e.g giving a child a detention for not doing homework would make them afraid of future consequenes and then do homework.
Extinction- Behaviour that has been previously reinforced no longer reinforced by concequences.
Positive reinforcement - Reward for good/ desired behaviour. the positive consequences makes it more likely for that behaviour to occur.
Negative reinforcement- Removal of an unpleasant consequence increases the likelihood of a behaviour being repeated.
Punishment- Concequence which leads to extinguished behaviour . The behaviour will not be repeated.
- Unconditioned stimulus (US) produces an unconditioned response (UR)
food (US) --> salivation…