-Most behaviour is learned
- Learning takes place as result of rewards ( reinforcement)
- People repeat behaviour if it leads to a reward of some kind.
- Skinner was only concerned with peoples behaviour , he was not interested in what was going on inside their head.
- Behaviourists don't use words like 'aggressive' or 'disruptive'.
- If behaviour is being decribed , they will want to know what it means such as what the behaviour refers to e.g. if a child is described as aggressive then they will ask 'when is he being aggressive'
Positive and negative reinforcement:
If behaviour is reinforced it is more likely to be repated. Reinforcement takes two forms:
1) Postive reinforcement: occurs when something pleasent happens. This might be a food or drink reward or a social reward like praise.
2) Punishment: is different from negative reinforcement , this is when something unpleasent starts happening. Behavioursts do not use this to change behaviour , they work instead through rewards.
Vicarious reinforcement: the idea that if we see someone else being rewared for doing something we are likely to imitate their behaviour.
Using reinforcement to change behaviour:
- The behavioural approach works by someone looking for the behaviour they want to see and when it happens reinforcing it. e.g. the first time a baby uses the potty , the parents provide lots of praise and attention. This ensures…