Basic German Grammar

  • Created by: Lea-Emie
  • Created on: 05-05-15 11:55

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Little to-know:

  • Same as in English- Names, People, Objects, Places, ect...
  • All German nouns are Capitalised- No matter where they are in the sentence.
  • Every Noun has a Gender- they are either Male, Female or Neutral.
  • They can either come after a Definate Artical (der/die/das) or an Indefinate Artical (ein/eine/ein) - sometimes there is non (but it will be capitalised.

Different Pluralised german Nouns: The Five Groups:

Group 1: Nouns that the same in both plural form and singular form with only a change in the artical used:

Das Fenster / Die fenster (Window / Windows)

Der Amerikanere / Die Amerikaner ( American / Americans)- Male version

Group 2: Nouns that are mostly of forein origins normally just add an -s to the plural form (along with a change in articals):

Das radio / Die Radios (Radio / Radios)

Das Cafe / Die Cafes (Cafe / Cafes)

Group 3: Nouns that have -e, -er or -en added onto the the end of the pluralised form: 

Die Lampe / Die Lampen (Lamp / Lampes)

Group 4:  Nouns that replace one vowel with an Umlaut (ä, ö, ü) 

Der Vater / Die Väter (Father / Fathers)

Group 5: Nouns that have an Umlaut (ä, ö, ü) replace a vouel and -e, -er or -en added onto the end:

Das Buch / Die Bücher (Book / Books)


  • Same as in English- they describe Nouns
  • German Adjectives can have a variety of different endings depending on:

-The Gender of the Noun                


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