Autism is derived from the Greek word ‘autos’ meaning self.
The National Autism society defined autism as a complex, lifelong disability which affects a person’s social and communication skills.
It is a PERVASIVE MENTAL DISORDER; a severe impairment in several areas of development which starts early in childhood and becomes apparent as the child begins to develop.
Kanner (1943)-early behavioural descriptions of autism
· Autistic aloneness (inability to relate).
· Desire for sameness (likes a routine).
· Islets of ability, known as autistic savants: they have exceptional talents, e.g. maths, art, memory and music.
AO1-An example of an autistic savant is Stephen Wilshire, he has an exceptional artistic ability and only draws New York and London; he likes them.
AO1-Kanner assumed that autistics must have high cognitive functions…