Atherosclerosis is the disease process that leads to coronary heart disease and stroke. Fatty deposits either block an artery or increase the chance of the artery being blocked by a blood clot during thrombosis. If the blood supply is completely blocked for long enough, cells can become permanently damaged. If this occurs in the coronary arteries, heart muscle cells can die, which can lead to a heart attack.
What happens during atherosclerosis?
It can be triggered by multiple factors, but no matter the cause, the course of events that follows is always the same.
- The endothelium becomes damaged (for one reason or another, e.g high blood pressure).
- There is a resulting inflamatory response.
- White blood…