Assess the view that globalization has influenced the nature and extent of crime (21 marks)

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  • Created by: khhmc98
  • Created on: 15-03-16 19:38


Held and McGrew defined globalisation as the process whereby events, decisions and activities in one part of the world have significant consequences for people in quite distant parts of the globe. It involves deterritorialisation, which means that social, political and economic activities are no longer attached to one country but are transnational and stretched across the globe.


Hobbes and Dunningham use the concept ‘glocal’ to explain how crime has developed.This means it is still locally based but has increasing global connections. Locally based criminals supply local markets with drugs, prostitutes, counterfeit or smuggled goods which they buy from national ‘chains’ who themselves deal with global ‘businesses’.The driving force is economics with poorer nations supplying richer nations with illegal goods. Another common example of glocalism is human trafficking  for example the police raided a house in Plymouth after they were aproached by a man claiming he was a victim of forced labour and found 15 Romanian workers, victims of human trafficking and modern slavery. A lot of the criminals bring their 'slaves' from abroad.  Some sociologists might argue that due to this glocalism the statistics are inaccurate as there are probably a lot more crimes but they are difficult to find out about because you wouldn't know where to look, in your own country or abroad. However, Hobbes and Dunningham highlights how globalisation has changed the nature and extent of crime.


Ian Taylor uses a Marxist perspective to explain the impact globalisation has had on crime.T.N.C.’s (transnational corporations) have moved production to cheaper countries which has caused Britain to become de-industrialised.Unemployment, temporary and part-time working and job insecurity have increased deprivation which fuels


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