In 1987, Fisherman et al. reviewed police practice and, with detailed analysis, decided to make some amendments to The Cognitive Interview. The new techniques that were introduced are:
- The interviewer should minimise distractions.
- The interviewer should actively listen to the witness.
- Open-ended questions should be asked to encourage longer answers that could lead to a more accurate conviction.
- A pause should be introduced after each response.
- Interruptions should be avoided.
- The use of imagery should be encouraged so to stimulate the witnesses memory.
- The language used by interviewers should be adapted to suit the individual witnesses needs.
- Judgemental comments should be avoided.
The Testing of the Cognitive Interview Technique
Geiselman et al. (1985) compared the Cognitive Interview Technique to the standard interview by showing 89 students a police training video of violent crimes and then using law enforcement officers, who had been trained in either CIT or standard techniques, to interview them.
Item recall CIT …