AS Psychology - Bowlby's Theory of Attachment

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Pennaling
  • Created on: 26-11-14 14:47

Bowlby's Theory of Attachment

1) Innate + Adaptive

  • Attachment is a biological process.
  • It is adaptive + useful for our survival.
  • Infants have an innate drive to become attached to a care giver.

2) Social Releasers

  • Infants are born with a set of behaviours/characteristics that provoke a response from others known as social releasers.
  • These behaviours are designed to elicit caregiving in others to promote the infants survival.

3) Critical Period

  • Attachment must occur within a specific period of time (0-3 yrs), known as the 'critical period'.
  • Attachment will not occur after this time + the child's emotional + cognitive development will be affected.

4) Monotropy

  • Infants have an innate tendency to attach to one person, their primary caregiver (generally the mother).

5) Internal Working Memory/Continuity Hypothesis

  • Early life experiences will influence later experiences (the continuity hypothesis).
  • Infants have a mental model of their relationship with their primary caregiver…


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Attachment resources »