Anselm (1033 - 1109)
- A philosopher who was the Archbishop of Canterbury.
- He was a firm believer of God.
- To prove the existence of God he came up with an a priori argument (gained from knowlege and reasoning rather than sense experience).
The Ontological Argument
- Ontological - argument to prove that something exists.
- Step 1 - God is a being than which nothing greater can be thought of, even non-believers have an idea of what God is like.
- Step 2 - Something which exists in reality is greater than something which just exists in thought e.g. a real holiday is better than one you just made up in your head.
- Step 3 - If there is no being which is greater than God, then God must exist in reality as well as thought.
- You could assume that God only exists in the mind and not in reality, and a greater being than God can be thought of, one which exists in reality.
- However, God was supposed to be a being than which nothing greater can be thought of, so this means that God is both in our minds and in the real world.
- Gaunilo was a…