Organic Chemistry - the chemistry of carbon containing compounds.
Hydrocarbon - organic compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen atoms only.
Saturated Hydrocarbon - a hydrocarbon with single bonds only.
Unsaturated Hydrocarbon - a hydrocarbon containing carbon-carbon double bonds.
Aliphatic Hydrocarbon - a hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in a branched or straight chain.
Alicyclic Hydrocarbon - a hydrocarbon with carbon atoms joined together in a ring structure.
Functional Group - the part of the organic molecule responsible for its chemical reactions.
Homologous Series - a series of organic compounds with the same functional group, but with each successive member differing by CH2
Empirical Formula - the simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element in a compound.
Molecular Formula - the actual number of atoms…