A GRADE RESPONSE G671 AS LEVEL SOCIOLOGY PAST PAPER Q&A
EXPLAIN AND BRIEFLY EVALUATE HOW MALES ARE SOCIALISED INTO TRADITIONAL MASCULITIES
Sociological Studies evidently used in depth detail:
Mac an Ghaill
Masculinities are the branch of various males with adverse personalities and patriarchal perceptions. Firstly, to connote one way in which males are socialized into traditional masculinities is through the family. Whom help to create and reinforce through the process of manipulation, canilisation,verbal appellation and differentiated activities which encourages gender specific behaviour.
This is supported by the work of Anne Oakley who posits that gender identity constitutes from the doctrine from primary socialization, into traditional gender roles. More, specifically Oakley discusses four focal key concepts in which gender roles are shaped. Firstly, the child’s self concept is pretentious by manipulation i.e. mothers tend to pay more attention to girl’s hair and clothes in contrast to male’s hair and clothes. Secondly canalization, involving the direction of boys and girls towards diverse objects. This is predominantly within the facility of toys which encourage boys to rehearse their adult roles mechanized as constructors of buildings and other infrastructure. Thirdly, parents use verbal appellations such as ‘ Mummy’s little soldier’ and ‘Daddy’s little princess’ and leads children to distinguish their gender and immerse /imitate adults of the identical uniformed gender. Finally, where males and females are exposed to differentiated activities. For example boys are essentially encouraged to go out and play.
However, some may argue that the lack of empirical evidence on the upper classes may mean that generalizations are being made about middle class families. This is supported by the renounced work of Scott whom argues that the peer group may help to reinforce upper class identity is through the creation of an ‘old Boys network’ which confers economic and cultural advantages on it’s members, through the network of gentleman’s club in which opportunities eventually land.
The second way in which males are socialized into traditional masculinities is through the process whereby children particularly males observe and then imitate the ‘instrumental role’. This is supported by the work of Parson’s who argued that the useful division of Labour occurs within the nuclear family in which men and women take on roles they are systematically biologically suited to. Men take on the’ instrumental role, ’which takes them outside the home to portray …