Arthur Balfour's Leadership 1902-1905
- Introduced by Chamberlain in 1903
- It was a tax on imports into Britain and the Empire
- A policy of imperial preference
- Taxes raised would go towards social reforms e.g. Pensions.
- The issue dividided the Conservatives into three groups:
- FREE FOODERS- Anti-Protectionism, against tariff reform
- BALFOURITES- Named after the Conservative leader who sat on the fence and wanted to find middle ground led by Balfour showing his weakness as a leader.
- WHOLE HOGGERS- Pro-tarriff reform
- CT Richie, Chancellor of the Exechequer, threatened to resign
- Winston Churchill left the Conservatives over the issue and joined the Liberal party.
- The Liberal Party said it would lead retaliatory tariffs and rising food prices.
- 'The issue rocked the party to its foundations'-Derrick Murphy.