- Aristotle takes a 'teleological' approach to morality - he looks at the purpose and aims for humans.
- All humans aim at happiness. We all want to achieve 'Eudaimonia' - a flourishing life.
- Acting morally is part of a happy life and to flourish, all parts of our soul must be excellent.
- The best life in one where we fufil our natural capacities.
- To have excellence in the rational part of the soul you could develop the mind through philsophy.
- Having excellence in the appetative part of the soul is to have excellent desires and emotions. Excellent desires is to have moral virtues.
- Doctrine of the mean - a moral virtue lies between two vices. The moral virue of courage lies bewteen its deficiency of cowardice and its excess of rashness.
- We develop moral virtues through upbringing and habituation. Through perfoming kind acts, we develop the virtue of kindness. It is similar to learning a skill or instrument.
- We are not born virtuous or non- virtuous, but we are born with the capacity to become either of…