ARISTOTLE'S CONCEPT OF CAUSE:
Unlike Plato, Aristotle did not believe there are two separate realms. He believed the world we live in is the only place in which we can have true knowledge, because it is through our sense experience that we come to understand things.
Aristotle believed that ‘form’ was not an ideal, but found within the item itself. The form is its structure and characteristics and can be perceived using the senses.
The material of which things are made
Form of a table: It has four legs and a flat surface
Substance of a table: wood, nails and glue
Aristotle also used the term matter to define the stuff of which something is made:
A chair’s matter is wood, and its form is the structure of the chair itself
Prime Matter refers to anything that lacks a well defined form – not organised in any particular structure. It has matter but no form.
For Aristotle, God is the only thing that has form without matter
Small children often go through a phase of asking ‘why’ about everything. They demand a reason for each answer given, leading to a chain of…