Beginnings of language development
- Has been scientifically proven that a baby can recognise the mothers voice.
- Before the child is born it can recognise words.
- Music can develop a baby’s brain.
Stage 1: BASIC BIOLOGICAL NOISE STAGE (0-8 weeks)
- Child expresses itself through crying.
- They show reflexive responses and not conscious responses.
- Child starts with vowel ‘A’ sounds.
- They learn to control their air stream mechanism.
Stage 2: COOING & LAUGHING STAGE (8-20 weeks)
- Make different cooing noises – e.g. ‘coo’, ‘goo’ ‘ga-ga’
- Recognise parents faces and speech.
- Towards the end of the stage they begin to string cooing noises.
- They recognise language has a structure.
- Learn to express themselves through laughing and chuckling.
- Have control over their tongue.
Stage 3: VOCAL PLAY (20-30 weeks)
- Begin to use consonant and vowel sounds.
- Able to adjust pitch.
- ‘playing and experimenting’
Stage 4: BABBLING STAGE (25-50 weeks)
- 2 types of babbling sounds-
- --> RE-DUPLICATING- repeat sounds (e.g. woof woof)
- --> VARIGATED- use different sound patterns and put them together.
- The words have no meaning to the child as they think they are just making sounds.
Stage 5: MELODIC UTTERANCE STAGE (10-13 months)
- A variation in rhythm, melody and tone is shown
- The child begins to see some meaning to what they say.
- Proto words used- when the child doesn’t say words it recognises but realises that words are parts of a sound.
AGE 12-18 MONTHS
- Developments occur rapidly.
- Intonations used to show feelings and purpose.
- Children begin to develop at different levels.
- Single word utterances – concrete nouns
- Holophrastic phrases – couple of words put together which have no grammatical concept
- Child learns about 10-20 words each month.
- Over extension – when child uses one word to describe lots of things.
- no concept of differentiating
- e.g. 4 legged object = dog
- Under extension - have yet to acquire the knowledge that there are many numbers of the same thing in the world ( e.g. lots of cars in world)
- have yet to acquire the concept of concrete nouns.
- Mismatch – get the name of something wrong (e.g. car = doll)
- Begin to use modifiers so add extra words in front of another word (e.g. go sleep)
AGE 18-24 MONTHS
- Have a vocabulary of 200 words – shows how quickly they are learning.
- Pronunciation - some syllables dropped (e.g. tomato = mato)
- Consonant clusters avoided i.e. sky - guy
- Re-duplicate sounds- e.g. baby = baybay
- no consistency of speaking
The functions of children’ language
- HALLIDAY 1978 – suggested 7 stages which show the functions of a child's language.
- The first 4 stages help the child to satisfy its physical, emotional and social needs.
Stage 1: INSTRUMENTAL STAGE
- Child uses language to express needs and get what they want.
- First words are mainly concrete nouns
- E.g. want drink
Stage 2: REGULATORY STAGE
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