AQA Chemistry (2013) Unit 3

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  • Created by: Lex
  • Created on: 15-05-13 17:29

3.5.1 Structures of Alcohols, Carboxylic Acids and Esters

·         Alkanes and alkenes made of hydrogen and carbon atoms

·         Alcohols

o   Functional group –OH

o   Methanol CH3OH

o   Ethanol CH3CH2OH or C2H5OH

o   Propanol CH3CH2CH2OH or C3H7OH

·         Carboxylic Acids

o   Functional group –COOH

o   Methanoic acid HCOOH

o   Ethanoic acid CH3COOH

o   Propanoic acid CH3CH2COOH or C2H5COOH

·         Esters

o   Alcohol + carboxylic acid = ester

o   Methanol + ethanoic acid = methyl ethanoate + water

o   Ethanol + ethanoic acid = ethyl ethanoate CH3COOCH2CH3 or CH3COOC2

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