AQA Geog 4B Extra Research

  • Created by: Megan
  • Created on: 18-06-15 17:25

The Situation in Kenya

  • Motorways are mainly in the South - rural access roads in the North, mainly dirt roads
  • Public healthcare insurance has been available since 1996 but only 20% of the population have it
  • Government oversees 41% of the healthcare, private sector oversees 43%
  • Up to 133 000 new cases of HIV every year
  • Healthcare only reaches 51% of people and only 25% of Kenyans live within 8km of a healthcare facility
  • Healthcare isn't free at the point of delivery - 2 in 5 Kenyans won't seek treatment because of the cost
  • Usually means they arrive at health facilities in critical condition, and die before reaching a larger hospital
  • Trained doctors often retire early, at 55, as well as migrating abroad for better opportunities - lack of skilled health professionals in Kenya
  • 50% of healthworkers work in the private sector, due to added attraction of incentives for performance, and good working conditions.
  • Due to lack of workers in public sector, graduates often posted to rural locations alone, lack of supervision makes developing skills difficult - enhances desire to migrate elsewhere
  • 19500 Kenyans die from diarhhoea each year - healthcare costs + productivity - 5.6 million people defecate in the open. Serious lack of sanitation.
  • Improving sanitation would be preventitive and reduce need for healthcare

Progress towards MDGS

  • Those under poverty line decerased from 52% to 34%
  • Underweight children dropped 2%
  • 51% of people still under the daily minimum dietary intake
  • Primary enrolment increased from 67% to 95%
  • Primary completion rate increased from 83% to 97%
  • 30% representation of women in all elected and public offices
  • IMR fell


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