- Taking control of the stressful situation (e.g. finding out as much as possible about a disease or taking active steps to deal with debt)
- Evaluating the pros and cons of different options for dealing with the stressor.
- Suppressing competing activities.
Some strategies such as seeking social support, can be both problem-focused and emotion-focused.
- Focusing on and venting emotions
- Wishful thinking (dwelling on what might have been if this hadn't happened)
Some forms of emotion focused are positive such as, reinterpreting the event in a positive light, whereas some are negative such as, repeatedly thinking about the problem without trying to change it.
A study of nursing students carried…