KeyStudy1:Martens-The sport competition anxiety test.
Anxiety is caused by situations which are perceived as threatening because they
1.threaten our self-esteem
2.cause personal harm
Trait anxiety:permanent predisposition to see situations as threatening.
State anxiety:temporary emotion in response to a particular situation.
Martens professor of physical education at the university of lllinois designed a psychometric test to socre athletes for trait anxiety(a-trait)
Aims to :
- be objective