Antarctica - Case Study

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Antarctica is a continent at the Earth's South Pole. It covers an area of about 14 million km^2 and about 98% is covered with ice. 

The mnumber of tourists visiting Antarctica each year is rising, there were 7413 in the 1996/97 season, but 46 000 in the 2007/08 season. 

Tourists are attracted by the stunning scenery and the wildlife. 

Tourism has Environmental Impacts in Antarctica. 

1. Tourists can trample plants, disturb wildlife and drop litter. 

2. There are fears that tourists could accidentally introduce non-native species or diseases that could wipe out existing species. 

3. Spillage of fuel from ships is also a worry, especially after the sinking of the cruise ship, MS explorer, in 2007. Fuel spills kill molluscs and fish, as well as birds that feed on them. 

There are measures in place to

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