- Created by: Jane Doe
- Created on: 18-02-18 22:12
Brown v. Topeka
Linda Brown + 12 other parents went to court to fight for the right to go to the closest school. Lost the case.
1952- NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People) took 5 desegregation cases to the Supreme Court. Argued that it broke the 14th Ammendment as segregated made black children feel inferior
Dec 1952- No ruling. Judges asked to hear more legal advice. Pro-segregation judge died- replaced with Earl Warren
May 1954- Supreme Court ruled that schools had to desegregated. No timescale set.
Jul 1954- WCC (White Citizen Council) set up in the Deep South to prevent desegregation. Sacked black employhees who signed petitions or were involved in civil rights campaigns
May 1955- 2nd ruling. Desegregation carried out with 'all deliberate speed.'
Significance of Brown v. Topeka
- End of 1957 school year- 723 school districts had desegregated
- Black students and their families and teachers faced violence + hostility in desegregated schools
- Membership of KKK grew
- Awareness of civil rights increased
Little Rock Nine
About 75 students applied to Little Rock High School- school board chose 25. Families of black students threatened. @ the start of the 1957 school year, only 9 willing to go.
Arkanas' governor, Faubus, sent 250 state troops to stop black students entering. School board told black students to skip the…