Alexander II's reforms Part 1


Alexandeer II's motives for reforms

The Crimean War:

  • The final defeat in 1856 highlighted both the problem of Russia's reliance on serf armies and the countrys economic backwardness - particularly its lack of railways and outdated weaponry 
  • Despite spending 45% of annual expenditure on the army, Russia suffered incompetent officers, numilation and an increase in serf uprisings

Political motives:

  • Tsarist autocracy relied on the nobility, yet many were in heavy debt
  • a growing serf population and inadequate agricultural systems meant declining incomes, and many


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