The Uk's Population is Ageing
In 2005, 16% of the population of the UK was over 65. By 2041 this could be 25%.
The Ageing Population is Caused by Increasing Life Expectancy and Dropping Birth Rate.
People are living longer because of advances in medicine and improved living standards. Between 1980 and 2006 life expectancy rose 2.6 years for women and 6.4 years for men - it's currently 81.5 for women and 77.2 for men. This means the proportion of older people in the population is going up.
Lots of babies were born in the 1940s and 1960s - periods called "baby booms". Those born in the 1940s are retiring now, creating a "pensioner boom".
Since the 1970s, the number of babies born has fallen. With fewer young people in the population the proportion of older people goes up.
The UK's Ageing Population Causes a few Problems
More elderly people are living in poverty - the working population isn't large enough to pay for a decent pension, and many people don't…