Causes of the Acts of Union:
- Henry wanted to unite Wales and England.
- Henry was concerned marcher lords were harbouring English criminals - it was once reported that a marcher lord received payments from 23 murderers and 25 robbers in return for protection from English justice.
- Many criminals were committing crimes in England near the border, before crossing over into Wales to escape punishment.
- Overall, Wales was lawless and needed to be addressed.
- Henry was concerned the Welsh lords did not support his break from Rome. He feared they would continue to support the Pope and possibly rebel against him.
- Henry apprehended the Catholic Monarchs of France and Spain, who wanted to see a restoration of Papal authority in England, would use Wales as a gateway to England to begin an invasion, similarly to what his father did in 1485.
- Overall, Henry believed that the Welsh would continue to support the Pope.
- In Wales, all male siblings could inherit land: it was distributed evenly. However, this created more opponents for Henry.
Consequences of the Acts of Union:
- Wales had its own members of Parliament.
- Land in Wales was to be given to the eldest son, and not divided equally, reducing the number of opponents created.
- Wales and…