Acts of Union, 1536 and 1543

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  • Created by: Tasha.L
  • Created on: 20-04-16 08:41

Causes of the Acts of Union:


  • Henry wanted to unite Wales and England.
  • Henry was concerned marcher lords were harbouring English criminals - it was once reported that a marcher lord received payments from 23 murderers and 25 robbers in return for protection from English justice.
  • Many criminals were committing crimes in England near the border, before crossing over into Wales to escape punishment. 
  • Overall, Wales was lawless and needed to be addressed. 


  • Henry was concerned the Welsh lords did not support his break from Rome. He feared they would continue to support the Pope and possibly rebel against him.
  • Henry apprehended the Catholic Monarchs of France and Spain, who wanted to see a restoration of Papal authority in England, would use Wales as a gateway to England to begin an invasion, similarly to what his father did in 1485.
  • Overall, Henry believed that the Welsh would continue to support the Pope.


  • In Wales, all male siblings could inherit land: it was distributed evenly. However, this created more opponents for Henry.

Consequences of the Acts of Union:

  • Wales had its own members of Parliament.
  • Land in Wales was to be given to the eldest son, and not divided equally, reducing the number of opponents created.
  • Wales and…


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