A2 Psychology Phobia: Behavioural Theory

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Behavioural Explanations:

Classical Conditioning- Pavlov's Dog Theory

G + water = no reponse

G + bad situation = fear (punishment)

G + (water + bad situation) = fear (punishment)

G + water =  fear (punishment)

Operant Conditioning- Maintains the phobia 

G sees a lake and gets anxious- G is punished

G avoids lake, anxious feeling goes away- G is rewarded

Social Learning-

  • a phobia can be developed by observation or 'vicarious learning'
  • monkeys develop…


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