A2 Conscience


Freud and conscience:

  • 'the superego' a set of moral controls given to you by outside influences (society, religion,culture)
  • 'the ego' conscious self, the part seen by the outside world
  • 'id' the unconscious elf, the part of the mind containing basic drives
  • amoral, not concerned with right or wrong
  • the content of our consciences are shaped by our experiences
  • the superego internalises the disapproval of others and creates the guilty conscience
  • conscience is developed
  • the superego also contains the egoideal which praises good actions

Piaget and conscience:

  • a childs moral sense develops and the ability to reason morally depends on cognitive developments
  • 2 stages of developments=
  • heteronomous: (aged 5-10) when the conscience is still immature, rules are not to be broken and is so there is punishment, the consequences will show if it is a right or wrong action
  • autonomous: (10years+) when children develop their own rules and understand how rules operate and help society, less dependant on others for moral authourity

Kohlberg and conscience:

  • identified stages of moral development which he believed individuals had to follow in sequence 1)behaving as they are told to…


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