8) Decline in average family size

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The birth rate has been declining in Britain; from 28 per 1,000 in 1902 to around 11 per 100 in 2005.

The reasons for smaller families

  • Contraception – More effective safer and cheaper birth control has led to fewer children
  • Compulsory education – Children were banned from work and education became compulsory in 1880, this means they can no longer bring in money, but instead use much more. This means it makes economic sense to have a smaller family
  • The


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