Diet and coronary heart disease
· What are the health problems associated with obesity? The health problems associated with obesity are: gallstones, diabetes type 2, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis and cancer.
· A high salt intake can lead to coronary heart disease. Because the salt reduces the water potential in the body which leads to an increased amount of water in the blood, causing high blood pressure, which can lead to hypertension (which is when blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure is maintained at a high level). This can damage the walls of the arteries leading to atherosclerosis, which can then cause arteriosclerosis (hardening of the coronary artery). This reduces blood flow to the heart causing angina which can lead to a heart attack.
· Cholesterol is a lipid needed for the body to function properly; it is used in membranes, and used to make sex steroid…