3 definitions of Religion


Three Definitions of Religion:

1-Substansive definition

  • Concerned and focus on the content of religion
  • Weber- defines religion as belief in a superior or supernatural that is above nature and cannot be explained scientifically.
  • Substanstive definitions are exclusive, drawing a clear line between religious and non religious beliefs. To be a religion, a set of beliefs must believe in God or the Supernatural.

X-defining religion in this way leaves no room for beliefs and practices that perform similar functions to religion but do not involve a belief in God.

2- Functional Definition

  • Focus on the social or psychological functions it performs for society and individuals.
  • Durkheim- defines religion in terms of contributions it makes to social integration rather than to any specific belief in God or Supernatural.
  • Inclusive- so brings everybody in and…


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