3. THE EMERGENCE OF COURT AND COUNTRY PARTIES

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THE COURT AND COUNTRY PARTIES:

  • The 'court' = those who supported the political and religious direction of the monarch.
  • The 'country' = those who were concerned about elements of the monarch's policy.

THE DEVELOPMENT & CAUSE

  • The court were courtiers who supported the aims of Charles II, the Cabal functioned as a court party despite differences.
  • It started when the Cabal was in power > when it collapsed in 1674 > country added Shaftesbury and Duke of Buckingham.
  • There were parliamentary strategy in 1673-74 > Green Ribbon Club (1674) in a London tavern > more formal organisation, they met up in The King Head tavern & wore green ribbons.

SIGNIFICANCE?

Court:

  • Key figures: Charles, Earl of Danby, James Butler, Murray
  • interests and aims: For charles to tolerate dissenters and Catholics, to strengthen ties with Catholic absolutist France.
  • attitude to parliament: they manipulated parliaments via crown patronage systems.

Country:

  • Key figures: Coventry, Meres, Cavendish, Russel, Shaftesbury.
  • interests and aims: They were anti-Catholic, wanted to defend protestantism domestically and abroad, were hostile to dissenters, Catholics and France.
  • attitude to parliament: they distrusted the government, beliving it was corupt and wasteful, they were anti-absolutist and…

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