THE COURT AND COUNTRY PARTIES:
- The 'court' = those who supported the political and religious direction of the monarch.
- The 'country' = those who were concerned about elements of the monarch's policy.
THE DEVELOPMENT & CAUSE
- The court were courtiers who supported the aims of Charles II, the Cabal functioned as a court party despite differences.
- It started when the Cabal was in power > when it collapsed in 1674 > country added Shaftesbury and Duke of Buckingham.
- There were parliamentary strategy in 1673-74 > Green Ribbon Club (1674) in a London tavern > more formal organisation, they met up in The King Head tavern & wore green ribbons.
- Key figures: Charles, Earl of Danby, James Butler, Murray
- interests and aims: For charles to tolerate dissenters and Catholics, to strengthen ties with Catholic absolutist France.
- attitude to parliament: they manipulated parliaments via crown patronage systems.
- Key figures: Coventry, Meres, Cavendish, Russel, Shaftesbury.
- interests and aims: They were anti-Catholic, wanted to defend protestantism domestically and abroad, were hostile to dissenters, Catholics and France.
- attitude to parliament: they distrusted the government, beliving it was corupt and wasteful, they were anti-absolutist and…