2.3 - Carboxylic Acids


Carboxylic Acids

Higher Chemistry 2.3

Carboxylic acids have the carboxyl functional group (-COOH), end in -oic acid and have the general formula CnH2n+1COOH.

The smallest carboxylic acids are miscible in water and as the carbon chain length increases so does the physical properties. They tend to have unpleasant smells.

The carboxyl group of carboxylic acids is polar. This allows them to form hydrogen bonds with other neighbouring carboxylic acid…


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