Key Dates:

  • January 1905- Bloody Sunday
  • May 1905- Union of Unions formed
  • June 1905- The Potemkin Mutiny
  • October 1905- The October Manifesto is implemented to create the Duma
  • November 1905- Moscow Soviet forms
  • 1906- The first Duma and the passing of the Fundamental Laws act
  • 1907- The Second Duma
  • 1907-1912- The Third Duma
  • 1911- Peter Stolypin assassinated
  • 1912- Lena Goldfields massacre
  • 1912-1914- The Fourth Duma

Bloody Sunday:

On the 22nd January 1905, Father Georgi Gapon, A Russian orthodox priest, led a peaceful march of local workers and their families to the Winter Palace with a petition for better working conditions. As the Tsar was away, the palace was empty, leaving the cossacks in charge of its defence. The large crowds prompted panic among the guard despite their pro-tsarist banners, and caused them to open fire, killing 200. The move prompted a wave of riots across the city, with a spike in strikes, terrorist attacks and squatting. The move also prompted Jews to demand rights, Georgia to declare independence, and the Unions to form one Union of Unions.

The Potemptkin Mutiny:

Throughout 1905 there had been various examples of soldiers refusing to disperese or shoot protesters. The crew of the Prince Potemkin are a prime example of this. Angry at the quality of meat and water on baord, the crew executed some of the officers and took the ship over, sailing it to the port of Odessa where there had been intense resistance against the Tsarists. The crew were greated as hero's, but the army were sent in to disperese the crowds, killing hundreds

Reasons for the 1905 Rising:

  • The Government's own responsibility- Repression, Taxation and leadership
  • Social unrest from recession and bad harvests
  • Peasants anger over mortgage's
  • Russian anger over unemployment and wage decline
  • Russia's loss to Japan

The October Manifesto:

The October Manifesto was implemented by the Tsar in October of 1905. Among its concessions were the creation of a constituent Duma, freedom of speech, political party legalisation, trade union legalisation and mortgage forgiveness. This was good for…


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