- More people - greater demand
- If the world's population continues to grow we will face the challenges of:
- More expensive food.
- More expensive fuel.
- Climate change - greater release of CO2.
- Water shortages.
- More migration - morepeople born in LEDCs - will want to move to MEDCs.
- Political instability and war - more people competing for fewer resources.
- Thomas Malthus - 1766 - 1834 - Cambridge
- 1798 - Malthus wrote an influential essay on population.
- Population will grow exponentially (doubling at each stage)
- population will eventually outgrow food supply - then decrease through starvation.
- This is called a 'natural check'.
- 'Natural checks' were war, disease and morality (abstinence).
- Malthus believed that whenever the population outgrew resources 'natural checks' would cause it to decrease to a more manageable size.
- Ester Boserup - 1910 - 1999 - Denmark
- 1965 - 'The Conditions Of Agricultural Growth' - opposed Malthus.
- Population growth controls…
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