Boys- pimf 6-10, Deutschejungvolk ( 10-14), Hitler Jungend (14-18) focus on military training and physical fitness.
Girls- Jungmadel (-14) League of German Maidens (14-18) learnt how to stay healthy and be a good mother.
1933 onwards encouraged to join Hilter Youth,
1936 almost impossible not to
other political religious youth groups shut down.
Nazi education policies
Bernhard Rust minister from 1934
teachers had to join Nazi teachers league and swear oath of loyalty
important history( Nazi history evils of communism and Jews), Biology (superiority of Aryans) Pe (boys army girls motherhood)
RE less important
girls taught eugenics and domestic science
new schools educated in squads like army
educated future leaders in different schools
Reactions of Youth
Edelweiss pirates opposition, some communist, danced very few sheltered people and once gestapo officer murdered but caught and executed. In war sent to labour concentration camps and some were executed. working class.
Swing, upper/ middle class liked jazz anti politics and hitler dresses english wore makeup met in bars.
white rose group students in munich attacked slaughter of Jews, discouraged war effeort, distrubuted leaflets,
all group membership increased in war
Nazis did not have total control over Youth