Yiri By Koko

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  • Created by: onil
  • Created on: 21-01-13 18:37

Structure

Introduction

Instrumental breaks (solos)

Chorus

Call & Response

Coda

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Harmony

Chorus is always sung in unison

The Balafons play an octave apart and sometimes in 5ths

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3 Strands Of African Music

Drumming

Chordal song (singing)

Instrumental music

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Tonality

Gb Major

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Melody

Hexotonic scale- Played by the Balafons

Most melodies fall from high to low

Improvisation

Singers and Balafon have a melody

Singers sing the pentatonic scales

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Rhythm

Uses of ostinato

Polyrythms

Syncopation (off beat rhythms)

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Meter

Starts in 4/4 but changes to 3 beats then 5 beats

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Common Features

Repetition of a few notes (ostinato or riff)

Improvisation

Polyphony

Call and response

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Dynamics

Mostly MF (moderatly loud)

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Instruments

Djembe

Talking drum

Dun Dun

Balafon

Agogo bell

Singers

Idiophones (primarly produces resonant sound e.g Balafon)

Membraphones- Drums with skins

Chordalphone- String like lutes

Aerophones- Wind like flutes

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Texture

Monophonic at the beggining (Balafon solo)

Heterophonic (two different versions of the same tune at the same time)

Polyphonic

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Timbre

Timbre is developed through the piece

Starts off with single Balafon then changes when the second is added

Drums changes it a bit more 

Then two different types of vocals (unison and call and response) produces two new timbres

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Ornamentation

Use of tremelo

Use of acciaccaturas (crushed ntoes)

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Master Drummer

Leads the group

Controls any dynamic changes like pitch and tempo

Balafons solos

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Context

Its the 4th track on Koko album

Released in 2002

Yiri means WOOD

Koko is a group of 6 

Music is performed at weddings, funerals, rituals

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Balafon Part

Yiri starts with one Balafon

When the keys are hit they produce a very short note, so tremelos are played instead.

After the intro, second Balafon enters with a lower pitc

The two then play throughout the piece

Occationally play in Heterophony

Balafon compliments vocals and boost the drum parts

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Drums

Play the same rhythms

When they come in they play the same rhythm

Drums play at different pitches (using smaller and bigger drums)

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