Looking at famous Speeches

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We will fight them on beaches

Winston churchill, World War 2 - this speech has become famous as one of Churchill's greatest speeches. It uses many devices to capture the attention of the audience.

*Repetition

*Emotive language

*Metaphorical language

*Plural nouns - we - to create a sense of togetherness

*First person - gives a sense of taking charge

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PASSION!

Churchill was brilliant at speech making: emotive, repetitive, informative and full of honest passion and patriotism

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Highlighters

Read through the passage you have been given, highlighting all examples of the word "WE" used. "WE" is a collective noun.

How does the repetition of this word affect the audience?

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More Highlighting!

In the first paragraph on your sheet, highlight the following:

"full confidence"

"if nothing is neglected"

"we shall prove ourselves once again"

"we shall not flag or fail"

Discuss these phrases in pairs - what impression does Churchill want to give? What does he want his audience to feel?

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Paragraph TWO

Circle with your pen the use of the word, "growing".  Why does Churchill repeat this word? What effect does he want this word to have?

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Paragraph TWO

Circle with your pen the use of the word, "growing".  Why does Churchill repeat this word? What effect does he want this word to have?

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Listing In The Passage

The second paragraph is essentially a long list of intentions:

  • Why are there so many things that must be done and only one thing that will NEVER be done?
  • Discuss and explain why Churchill produced such a long list in the second half of the speech (extract).
  • What is his purpose?
  • What is the effect?
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Finally...

Find three sentences (or phrases) that you consider to be highly emotive or the most powerful in your extract of the speech; discuss with your partner

  • What is their intended effect?
  • Is exaggeration used?
  • Are any metaphorical?
  • What else?
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The Extract Used (can be found online)

I have, myself, full confidence that if all do their duty, if nothing is neglected, and if the best arrangements are made, as they are being made, we shall prove ourselves once again able to defend our island home, to ride out the storm of war, and to outlive the menace of tyranny, if necessary for years, if necessary alone … Even though large tracts of Europe and many old and famous states have fallen or may fall into the grip of the Gestapo and all the odious apparatus of Nazi rule, we shall not flag or fail.

We shall go on to the end, we shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender, and even if, which I do not for a moment believe, this island or a large part of it were subjugated and starving, then our empire beyond the seas, armed and guarded by the British fleet, would carry on the struggle, until, in God's good time, the new world, with all its power and might, steps forth to the rescue and the liberation of the old.

 

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