Woven, Non-Woven and Knitted fabrics and Weaves

Woven, Non-Woven and Knitted fabrics and their properties.

Different type of weaves

  • Created by: Eleanor
  • Created on: 03-05-12 19:02

~ Woven Fabrics

- WEFT - (LEFT) Across the yarn horizontally

- WARP - (Dr.Who theme tune) Vertically across the yarn

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~ Non Woven Fabrics

~ Made by bonding or felting - directly from fibres rather than yarns

Bonding - 

  • Made from synthetic fibres bonded together with heat or adhesive
  • Cheap, crease resistant, does not fray
  • Not as strong as woven or knitted
  • Suitable for washing and dry cleaning
  • USED in interling

Felting(Wool felt) -

  • Made from animal hair or wool fibres matted together using moisture, heat and pressure
  • No strength, drape or elasticity
  • Does not fray
  • Warm
  • USED in hats, slippers, handi-crafts
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~ Woven Fabrics

There are different woven structures: Plain, Twill and Satin weaves.

- Plain weave - strong, firm, hard wearing, 

  • Used in garments, household textiles and accessories
  • criss cross pattern

- Twill Weave - strong, drapes well 

  • Used in jackets, suits, trousers, jeans and curtains
  • diagonal pattern

- Satin Weave - smooth, soft, sheen

  • Used in curtain linings, evening wear, upholstery
  • 4 or more weft yarns over one warp, or vice versa
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~ Knitted Fabrics

There are two types of knitted fabrics, weft and warp knitting

- WEFT - Made from a single yarn

  •  Fed across the width of the fabric, made by looping long yarns 
  • Stretchy and comfortable
  • USED in socks, t-shirts and jumpers
  • If a stitch is dropped it will ladder!
  • Machine done or hand

- WARP - Made on straight or circular knitting machines

  • Interlocking vertical yarns
  • Slightly stretchy, does NOT ladder
  • USED in sportswear, swim wear and 'geotextiles' 
  • Done by machine

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Weft and Warp Knitting photo's

         Weft Knitting                                                              Warp Knitting

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