- naming words
- give names to people, places, objects, feelings and ideas
- can be identified by answering 'what name do you give to this?'
- shoe, sugar, air, dog, boy, courage
types of noun:
proper noun: usually begins with a capital letter, specific - Paris.
common nouns: less specific, refer to types - man, planet, city
abstract nouns: refer to things that do not exist physically
collective nouns: refer to groups - team, family, flock
concrete nouns: refer to things that exist physically - computer, hand
Adjectives, Comparatives and Superlatives
- describing words, used to describe nouns
- a beautiful day, a boring film, a strange feeling
- hotter, bigger
- hottest, biggest 8900
- known as doing words
- jump, take, give, explode, throw
- also known as 'mental actions'
- 'the house stands on the hill' 'that seems unfair'
- usually tells you what the the subject is doing or being
present: 'i am writing a letter'
past: 'i wrote a letter'
active and passive voice
active: the minister has issued an apology
passive: an apology has been issued by the minister.
- give more information about verbs
- describe verbs
- usually formed by adding -ly to the end of words
- she ran quickly
- he felt better
- they left immediately