word classes

Revision Cards for word classes.

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Noun

 

 

 

This is the type of word class that has a naming function which can be used as the subject or the object within a clause.

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Proper noun

 

 

 

A name of a distinctive person, place or other unique reference. It is marked by a capital letter in written language.

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Abstract noun

 

 

 

These are nouns that refer  to ideas, processes, occasions, times and qualities; they cannot be touched or seen. For ecample: happiness, birth, week, confinement, love politics etc

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Concrete nouns

 

 

 

Nouns that refer to physical things like people, objects and places, things that can be observed and measured. For example guitar, table, clotes etc.

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Modifier

 

 

 

A word phrase or clause that limits or qualifies the sense of another word or word group. Both adjectives and adverbs are modifiers.

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Adjectives

 

 

A word that defines attributes of a noun (the blue flower and that can also express contrasts of drgree (the smallest boy was the fastest). Adjectives have comparative and superlarative forms e.g good, better, best; beautiful, more beautiful, most beautiful, large, larger, largest.

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Adverbs

 

 

 

A word that describes the action of the verb (the girl laughed loudly); that can act as an intensifier (very fierce); and that can function as a sentence connector (somehow, i did not believe him.)

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Conjunction

 

 

 

This is a joining word; there are two types: coordinationg conjunction (and, but,or, neither . . . nor and either . . . or.) And subordinating joining a suborinate clause to a main clause (e.g when, where, if etc.)

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Determiner

 

 

 

A Lexical item which specifies the number and definitness of a noun (the, a, some etc.) It basically helps you to determine that something is a noun.

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Preposition

 

 

 

A closed class word like in or on or by which procedes a noun phrase, pronoun, or other lexical item to express a relationship between it and the rest of the clause.

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Personal pronouns

 

 

 

There are 3 types of personal pronouns: first person (I, me, Mine/My), second person (You, Yours/Your) and third person (He she/It, Him/Her/Hers/Its.) They are either singular or plural and are describing an subject, object or somethings possive state.

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Verbs

 

 

 

Verbs can express actions and states

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