- Created by: brennamackay
- Created on: 27-02-19 22:39
Aim: ensure justice; political stability (avoid rebellions with law and order)
- Used fair court of chancery rather than common law.
- Took legal responsibility seriously - held many cases personally.
- Extended role of star chamber from 1516 - 120 cases per year.
- Act of resumption 1515 resumed crown lands that Henry had given away at start of reign.
- Star chamber swamped with cases (increased insufficiency).
- Wolsey made nation enquiry 1517 to investigate enclosure but enclosure and vagrancy weren’t decreased.
- Captioned the poor in legal reforms, therefore undermining land owners and nobles.
Aim: efficient taxation to avoid corruption - opportunities to demonstrate royal splendour.
- introduced Eltham Ordinances 1526 (used to get minions out of privy chamber = self gain) to reform finance in the privy chamber.
- raised £322,099 in subsidies, £240,000 in clerical taxes and £260,000 in forced loans
- expenditure in 1509-1520 = £1.7 million.
Aim: protect men from enclosure/profiteering
- 1526 exports increased.
- newly introduced subsidies were more efficient and used a national committee.
- 1526 debased coinage to stimulate exports which increased inflation causing a depression in the late 1520’s.
- 1525 amicable grants (heavy tax without parliament’s approval) to raise money for war caused widespread rebellion and resistance.
- subsidies didn’t raise enough money for war with France.
- 1517 national enquiry to investigate how much lands was enclosed was opposed by parliament = suspended.
Aim: modernise the church.
- introduced inspection of religious houses and closed 30 religious orders.
- Aimed to improve education of lower clergy.
- Set up 2 colleges
- Sacked 8 heads of monasteries.
- Encouraged Henry against protestants.
- Wolsey didn’t see reformation as a major part of his job despite being most powerful churchman in England.
- Embodied everything reformers disliked: collected titles, too busy to fulfil roles, used positions for personal wealth and gain.