Wikstrom (2003) - The Peterborough Youth Study

  • AIM:

To test a range of factors which are the most significant predictors of criminal behaviour.

SAMPLE:

Nearly 2000 14-15 year olds from 13 state schools in the Petersborough area.

METHOD/PROCEDURE: 

Cross selectional snapshot study , using interview data collection. 

RESULTS:

  1. 44.8% of males and 30.6% of females have commited atlest one crime eg theft , violance, vandalism, shoplifting. During the year 2000 
  2. 9.8% of the males and 3.8% of the females have commited a serious crime eg burglary 
  3. high frequency offenders tend to commit a wide range of crimes 
  4. offenders are often more victimised than non offenders 
  5. offenders are more often drunk and and on drugs than non offenders. 

EXPLINATORY FACTORS :

  • family and social position 
  • indevidual characteristics 
  • social situation 
  • lifestyle routine activities 
  • community context 

of theese the most important were the yoths indevidual characteristics and the way they lived their lives. 

youths with many risk factors offend frequently.  whilst youths with many protective factors tend to not offend often. 

KEY RISK FACTORS 

  • weak family bonds 
  • poor parenting 
  • low levels of shame 
  • poor self controll 

CONCLUSIONS; 3 groups of offenders .

Propensity- Induced = theese youths ahve enduring prophencyty to offend , because of their personality or chracteristics ( theese tend to have high risk factors 

Lifestyle dependant = they are average youth ,live a high pressured lifestyle because they socialise with delinquants 

Situationally Limitted

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Wikstrom - Peterborough Youth Study

  • AIM:

-To test a range of factors which are the most significant predictors of criminal behaviour.

SAMPLE:

-Nearly 2000 14-15 year olds from 13 state schools in the Petersborough area.

METHOD/PROCEDURE: 

-Cross selectional snapshot study , using interview data collection. 

RESULTS:

  1. 44.8% of males and 30.6% of females have commited atlest one crime eg theft , violance, vandalism, shoplifting. During the year 2000 
  2. 9.8% of the males and 3.8% of the females have commited a serious crime eg burglary 
  3. high frequency offenders tend to commit a wide range of crimes 
  4. offenders are often more victimised than non offenders 
  5. offenders are more often drunk and and on drugs than non offenders. 

EXPLINATORY FACTORS :

  • family and social position 
  • indevidual characteristics 
  • social situation 
  • lifestyle routine activities 
  • community context 

-Of theese the most important were the youths indevidual characteristics and the way they lived their lives. 

-Youths with many risk factors offend frequently. Whilst youths with many protective factors tend to not offend often. 

KEY RISK FACTORS 

  • weak family bonds 
  • poor parenting 
  • low levels of shame 
  • poor self controll 

CONCLUSIONS; 3 groups of offenders .

Propensity- Induced = theese youths ahve enduring prophencyty to offend , because of their personality or chracteristics ( theese tend to have high risk factors 

Lifestyle dependant = they are average youth ,live a high pressured lifestyle because they socialise with delinquants 

Situationally Limitted = they only offend when uder the influence of alcohol and drugs 

1 of 3

Wikstrom - Peterborough Youth Study

  • AIM:

-To test a range of factors which are the most significant predictors of criminal behaviour.

SAMPLE:

-Nearly 2000 14-15 year olds from 13 state schools in the Petersborough area.

METHOD/PROCEDURE: 

-Cross selectional snapshot study , using interview data collection. 

RESULTS:

  1. 44.8% of males and 30.6% of females have commited atlest one crime eg theft , violance, vandalism, shoplifting. During the year 2000 
  2. 9.8% of the males and 3.8% of the females have commited a serious crime eg burglary 
  3. high frequency offenders tend to commit a wide range of crimes 
  4. offenders are often more victimised than non offenders 
  5. offenders are more often drunk and and on drugs than non offenders. 

EXPLINATORY FACTORS :

  • family and social position 
  • indevidual characteristics 
  • social situation 
  • lifestyle routine activities 
  • community context 

-Of theese the most important were the youths indevidual characteristics and the way they lived their lives. 

-Youths with many risk factors offend frequently. Whilst youths with many protective factors tend to not offend often. 

KEY RISK FACTORS 

  • weak family bonds 
  • poor parenting 
  • low levels of shame 
  • poor self controll 

CONCLUSIONS; 3 groups of offenders .

Propensity- Induced = theese youths ahve enduring prophencyty to offend , because of their personality or chracteristics ( theese tend to have high risk factors 

Lifestyle dependant = they are average youth ,live a high pressured lifestyle because they socialise with delinquants 

Situationally Limitted = they only offend when uder the influence of alcohol and drugs 

2 of 3

Wikstrom - Peterborough Youth Study

  • AIM:

-To test a range of factors which are the most significant predictors of criminal behaviour.

SAMPLE:

-Nearly 2000 14-15 year olds from 13 state schools in the Petersborough area.

METHOD/PROCEDURE: 

-Cross selectional snapshot study , using interview data collection. 

RESULTS:

  1. 44.8% of males and 30.6% of females have commited atlest one crime eg theft , violance, vandalism, shoplifting. During the year 2000 
  2. 9.8% of the males and 3.8% of the females have commited a serious crime eg burglary 
  3. high frequency offenders tend to commit a wide range of crimes 
  4. offenders are often more victimised than non offenders 
  5. offenders are more often drunk and and on drugs than non offenders. 
3 of 3

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