Wiemar and Nazi Germany

Notes/Facts on Wiemar and Nazi Germany 

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Nazi Rallies-

  • Persuasive Speaking 
  • Powerful Speakers 
  • Emotional Speakers
  • Banners/Flags 
  • United People 
  • Huge Audiences
  • Powerful Propaganda  
  • Symbols- Easy to identify
  • Disciplined and orderly
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  • Books were controlled which limited education 
  • Only pro-Nazi books were kept
  • Children were taught that Jews were 'Bad' from a young age
  • Children learnt how to spot out a Jew
  • Jews seen as enemies
  • Enforcing a Nazi curriculum on schools depended on the teachers delivering it
  • History was about Glory of Germany
  • Biology was about 'Perfect Race' 
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  • Nazis controlled Radio
  • Foreign Radio banned
  • Pro Nazi Radio only
  • Cheap Radios for everyone
  • Loudspeakers everywhere
  • Only Pro Nazi newspapers
  • All small newspapers closed
  • Used Cinema to put across Pro Nazi messages across before films 
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Opposition to Weimar 1919-1922

  • Government of Ebert was very weak
  • Election system didnt work
  • Spartacist (Communists) Uprising- Rosa and Karl
  • Put down by the Friekorps- Right wing ex-soldiers
  • Kapp Putsch 1920
  • Hatreed of Weimar for signing Treaty of Versailles 
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Hyperinflation 1923

  • Savings/Pensions worthless
  • Impact- Poverty, Bank notes worthless
  • Blamed Weimar
  • To much borrowing to pay Reparations
  • Rhur strike trigger
  • Debts wiped out
  • Printed to much money that they didnt have
  • New currency- Rentenmark, land based,1924
  • One year until the Stressemann Dawes Plan


1922- 400 Dm =$1

Feb 1923-7000 Dm =$1

July 1923-160,000 Dm =$1

Aug 1923-1 million Dm =$1

Nov 1923-130,000 million DM =$1

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1924-1928 Recovery of Stressemann

  • Accepts Treaty of Versailles
  • Right wing(Nazis) Hated Treaty Of Versailles 
  • League of Nations- Germany joins
  • Unemployment High
  • Only Berlin was creative- Cinema, Cabert, Theater
  • Loan=Fragile
  • Dawes Plan- $(America Loan To) --->Germany 
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Women In Germany


  • 100,000 Teachers
  • 13,000 musicians 
  • 3,000 doctors
  • Were encouraged to be mothers
  • Womens role was to stay at home-Care for children and family
  • Government gave new brides special loans if they  agreed not to take up a new job


  • Encouraged to stay home and have more children
  • Encouraged to marry the perfect 'Aryan' man to have perfect children


  • Divorce Law saying men can divorce women if they are unable to have children


  • Few Nazi women got jobs
  • Factory conditions were bad and the pay was low
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Nazi Economic Policy

1- Reduce Unemployment

2- Build up industry and rearmaments

3- Economically Self-Sufficient

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The Labour Front-

  • Nazis removed trade unions
  • The workers right to negotiate for pay and hours of work
  • Recommended higher wages or better working conditions

Strength Through Joy-

  • Set up to provide workers with activities when they were not working
  • Hoped that this would result in happy workers and they would be motivated to work hard

Beauty of Labour-

  • Branch of Labour front
  • Its main task was to improve working conditions such as reducing noise levels of machines
  • Organised building canteens, swimming pools and sport facilities

The Volkswagen-

  • Cheap enough for workers to afford
  • Scheme was introduced in which workers paid 5 marks a week towards buying the car
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What helped the Nazis come to power in 1933?

  • Munich  Putsch
  • Mein Kampf 
  • Richstag Fire
  • Loss of WW1
  • Treaty of Versailles- Reperations
  • Appealing to all people
  • Young/Dawes Plan
  • Wall Street Crash 
  • Propaganda
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French Occupation of The Ruhr

  • Germany did not keep up with its reparations, the french were determined to make the Germans pay. If they had to they would seize raw materials such as coal and use it for themselves
  • In January French and Belgian troops marched into the Rurh. This was Germanys most important industrial region and the troops occupied it.
  • Under the Treaty of Versailles this was legal. The Germans in the Ruhr responded with passive resistance. However refusing to work was a problem because they were not getting money in to pay the reparations making them loose more money.
  • The German Government did not have enough money to pay for the reparations and the costs of the passive resistance in the Ruhr 
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  • 9th and 10th November 1938
  • The Night Of Broken Glass
  • Around 25,000 Jews were rounded up and taken to concentration camps
  • 91 people were murdered
  • 7,500 Jewish businesses were destroyed
  • 267 synagogues burned
  • Hundreds of people injured. 
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Why did people vote for the Nazis

  • They said they would reduce unemployment
  • Said they would make Germany better off
  • Hitler was a powerful and emotional speaker
  • Hitler was a strong leader
  • Propaganda
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  • Posters
  • Radio
  • Films
  • Books
  • Speakers
  • Newspapers
  • Rallies
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