- Wider use of Referendums
- Lower voting age
- Complusory voting
- Digital Democracy
+ DIRECT DEMOCRACY - public can express opinions, control over govt decision making.
+ POLITICAL EDUCATION - public can debate (increase electoral turnout).
+ RESPONSIVE GOVT - force govt to listen to public opinion between elections on specific issue.
+ REDUCES GOVT POWER - has less control over outcome of referendums.
- ILL-INFORMED DECISIONS: citizens < educated & lack political experienced compared to politicians who can make knowledgable pliy decisions.
- WEAKENS PARLIAMENT: weakens role of elected MPS as they've been elected to make policy decisions.
- IRRESPONSIBLE GOVT: decisions handed over to electorate. Govts are elected to make policy decisions and should be accountable for them.
- STRENGTHENS GOVT: as they decide when, where and what issue to hold referendum on,