Why did the Reds win the Civil War?

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  • Created by: Tiula
  • Created on: 25-04-10 09:35

Whites were divided

  • generals wanted different things. Some wanted to bring back the Tsar, others wanted an elected government. This made it very hard for them to work together
  • they mistrusted one another and refused to co-ordinate their attacks. The Reds would not have been able to survive a combined attack, but the Whites were not able to work together
  • they spent some time attacking one another. When two parts of the White army had to camp near each other there were often disputes or clashes of troops
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Reds had better supplies

  • Reds had the rail network, so they could easily move their troops and supplies around.
  • They were much better supplied with ammunition and arms.
  • War Communism requisitioned grain from the peasants and effectively got it to the cities and the troops.
  • The Reds outnumbered the Whites, having about 2,000,000 men to the Whites' 250,000
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  • peasants were conscripted to fight by both sides
  • the Whites had vowed that, should they win, they would take land away from the peasants. This was hugely unpopular with the peasants.
  • the peasants deserted from both sides
  • when the Reds began to lose, peasants would often come back and fight for them, in order that they should retain their land
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