Divisions amongst Muslims
1109- Toghtekin, the new ruler of Damascus, eclared his independance
1118- Ilghozi formally took Aleppo out of the Seljuk Epire
Fatmids were not a major a threat because other Muslims were unwilling to work with the Egyptians
The Nizari, or Hashshashins, split from the Shia Fatamid Empire
Growth of Nizari meant the assassins, a shia splinter group, were tergetting strong Sunni Leaders like Bursuq.
Leadership of Rulers
Bladwin I captured Arsuf, Caesarea, Acre, Beirut, Sidon
Baldwin II captured Joscelin in 1122
Fulk captured Fort of Bonias
and Tancred captured Tarus and Latallia
Baldwin I was victorious at 3rd battle of Ramlah in August 1105, acted as abitrator of a council of the greatest barons outside Tripoli, forcing Tancred to give us his city.
Tancred- raised troops in Italy 1105 and Baldwin II was co-operative with Genoese
Western Support (1)
City states of Italy traded throughout Mediterranean and possed large fleets- natural allies.
1100-Pisa sids in conquering Lattawieh
1101-Genoa aids in Conquest of Arsuf and Caesarea
1102-Genoa helps to capture Tortosa
1103-Genoa helps captre Jebail
1104-Genoa helps conquer Acre
1109-Genose and Provencal fleets aid the capture of Tripoli
Western Support (2)
1111-Venice aids capture of Sidon
1124-Venice aids capture of Tyre
Minor crusades occured and those that made it to Jerusalem fought alongisde Baldwin I and other rulers. Several military orders including the Teplars were used throughout 1110-1140
Italien City States- wanted to increase their own trade and profits- motivation
1110 onwards- wealth used to build castles in the East
Castles were the key to holding onto territory.
County of Tripoli- KRAK DES CHEVALIERS- used as a headquarters by knights Hospitallers in Syria. Its possession by the Franks was critical to the defence of their holdings in Northern Syria.
Kingdom Of Jerusalem- MONTREAL- protected the Kingdom in the South and expanded Eastward. It allowed Baldwin to control the area.
Kingdon Of Jerusalem- TORON- Its purpose was acting as a major obsticle to the Muslims trying to invade the Kingdon from the East