Pressure from the ACLL
- Ultras felt that Peel was pressured.
- The ACLL had four MPs so they could campaign within Parliament.
- Represented the m.class manufacturing industry (of rising importance)
- Held public lectures nationwide
- Introduced repeal bills annually
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- Wanted to gain middle-class votes (had promised them reform in the Tamworth Manifesto)
- The middle-class supported repeal
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Response to Irish Famine
- Peel wanted to show that Ireland mattered to the UK
- People were dying from starvation
- Repealing the Corn Laws would make it possible to sell cheap corn to Ireland as they had depended so heavily on potatoes.
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Long-Term Commitment to Free Trade
- Peel's previous cabinets were influenced by Adam Smith ('Wealth of Nations').
- He was a 'liberal' who believed in free trade.
- He intended to repeal after the election but other factors caused its acceleration.
- Many previous policies hinted towards repeal:
- 1842 Budget
- Reduction on Customs Duties
- Reintroduction of Income Tax
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