Traditional Intolerance (Chafe)
Chafe- Historian- America controlled by WASP's- White Anglo-Saxon Protestant
Believed most Americans traditionally intolerant , don't put up with people who are different, however yet most of the time they can keep this under control (supressed feelings)
Sometimes these feelings come out, belieed it came from 'seasonal allergies'
Felling come out during rapid social change, often they were used as scape goats for problems
8 million people- South and East Europe, thus language barrier as do not speak English.
Because they spoke in their own language, they could not mix with others- assimilate
Crevecoeur- 'Melting Pot' this no longer existed
Cheap labour casued arguments
Immigrants might be communist- Comintern
Emergence of red scare
5 million members in 1925
DC Stephenson- 'Grand Dragon' of Indiana
1925- known as the future president
Pressure placed on them by the KKK
Government right-wing and can be argued to be racist
Hoover instructed people not to hire Afican Americans due to them haing low mental order
'American must be kept American'
1929- could not be Asian and move to America
Influence of Scientific Racists- e.g. Madison Gran
Charles Darwin- 'Origin of Species'- 1860's - Galapagos Islands- Tortoises
'Survivial of the fittest'- the one with the longest neck
Countries that adapt will survive- 'If we don't keep ourseles fit we will die'- thus race and blood must be kept pure (social darwinism)
'If America does not do anything about blacks, immigrants, mentally and physically disabled, etc, it will die'
His book was called 'The Passing of the Great Race' and Hitler refered to it as his bible
Grant was the president of the anti-immigration league