Medicine - Who treated the sick c1350

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Physicians

  • Medically trained at university and required to pass exams

 

  • Diagnosed illnesses and gave treatments, or sent patients to the apothecary or barber surgeon

 

  • Expensive so mainly used by the wealthy

 

  • Very few of themwith women physicians incredibly rare
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Apothecaries

  • Received training but no medical qualifications

 

  • Mixed medicines and ointments based on their own knowledge

 

  • Cost money (but less than a physician)
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Housewife Physicians

  • Usually a village "wise woman" or lady of the manor who treated local people

 

  • Dealt with childbirth and common injuries/illnesses

 

  • Mixed herb and plant remedies. Also used charms and spells

 

  • The cheapest and most accessible option
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Monks and Nuns

  • Free

 

  • Ran hospitals using Church donations. Cared for the elderly or poor (rather than people with common diseases)

 

  • Some hospitals ran for specific diseases, such as leprosy - kept sufferers away from others
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Barber Surgeons

  • No training

 

  • Carried out bloodletting, pulling teeth and lancing boils

 

  • Did basic surgery such as amputating limbs (with a very low success rate)

 

  • Cost less than a physician
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